HOW TO REPAIR A SINKING FOUNDATION

The foundation of a house is one of the most structurally significant parts of the building. If a house is set on a solid foundation, the rest of the house has the support needed to maintain its integrity and last for decades. It can result in a lot oft problems if your house’s foundation is set improperly. One of the issue that can happen if a foundation is laid improperly or unstable soil is sinking foundation.Sinking foundations are problems that should be addressed and examined as soon as it is noticed to prevent further damage to the rest of the house.

How to Spot a Sinking Foundation

Apparently, if you observe your home gradually slanting to one side, you will probably be aware that you have some foundation problems. But there are a few symptoms of foundation problems that may not be noticed that will help you identify problems before your home starts to look like that popular tower in Italy.

Lookout for things like windows and doors becoming misaligned or jammed. Check for cracks in slabs, basements and on walls in the living areas of the house. If there are water puddles forming ardound the base of your home, this may also indicate foundation problems. Homeowners in regions where the soil is unstable should keep an even sharper eye out for such instances.

Sinking Foundation Repair

To fix a sinking foundation, the first step is to have your home checked out by a professional. Generally, a structural engineer is the person to hire to diagnose foundation issues and tell you what should be done about it. Usually, structural engineers don’t have a vested interest in the kind of repairs that is to be done, because this job is done by either a general contractor or a foundation specialist. This means that the structural engineer will be able to give you an accurate and unbiased assessment of the situation without any concern about monetary gain.

Once the exact problems are known, it is time to hire a contractor to do the work. You have to shop around and get different bids from several contractors and also have a look at their experience in such matters. Make sure to check references so as to know if the one you hire has done that type of work before with good results.

There are different methods used to fix a sinking foundation, and each is suitable in certain situations. High-pressure grouting can be used by injecting grout into an unstable soil in order to improve its integrity and also to lift up the structure of the house. Load-bearing piers can be used to lift and stabilize a sinking foundation, they are a permanent and economical solution to foundation problems in many instances. For more idea, read the post linked above, as recommended by a Saint Louis foundation repair practitioner.

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DRAINAGE SOLUTIONS FOR FLAT ROOFS

When water pools on a flat roof, it can cause problems such as popped nails, pulled away flashing, exposed railheads and the washing away of stone or gravel from the shingles. These could cause the roof to leak and it can severely damage the roof deck, the underlying structure and your interior finishing. If water leaks through the roof, it could also cause electric and fire hazards. This is not a good news and I’d recommend you proofer  an immediate solution or better still, hire an expert roofing contractor who will advice on which of the below steps will be best fitting for your situation.roofing contractor

The following are some flat roof drainage solutions available so as to avoid these problems.

Internal Drains

These drains are affordable drainage solution option that can tie into existing home drain systems. These include the installation of copper or aluminum inserts into the areas of the roof where water usually pools. Plumbing systems are usually attached to the drain inserts in order to guide the water outside the building through a sidewall. There should be pipes running down an inside wall and then hung under the roof decking through the rafters. This system must be installed by a licensed plumber for it to be effective.

Scupper Drains

These are  economical drain system which can be installed in low edge areas so as to reduce water pooling. They are galvanized drains that are attached to the roof edges, they work by guiding water from the roof edges down to the water downspouts.

Eavestrough Drainage

Though,  this is not commonly used anymore, it is a good option, if you have a commercial or an older large industrial flat roof. With this kind of drainage, drainage ditches are made in the roof in the lower insulated areas. The created ditches will guide water toward the eavestroughs.

Drainage Helpers

This is a great option if you already have a good flat roof drain system but you want to provide the ability to move more water for your system if need be. Drainage helpers work by recessing insulation in the installed drains in order to allow for faster water drainage.

Step Sloped Insulation

This is a more affordable way to slope a flat roof. Step sloped insulation involves the installation of several layers of flat board insulation under the roof membrane in place of cutting  a custom-made roof board. The roof board is installed in steps with the thinnest boards at the drains and around the drains. The roof membrane is now installed over the step sloped insulation.

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Types of Popular Windows

There are many different types of good replacement windows that make the building of your home. Windows allow stream of natural light into your rooms during the day and let air in to keep it cool and dry. Windows also help define the style of your house whether it is a traditional or modern home. You can customize almost every window to suit your taste and changing needs.

Double-Hung Windows

This type of window has two blades that slide vertically up and down in the frame. They can open wide either from up or down, but remain in the frame so they do not protrude outside or inside the house. On a single hung window, only the bottom of the window functions, while the top is stationary.

Casement Windows

These casement windows operate by a turn of a crank in an operating mechanism. They can be hinged on the right or the left to open outward.

Awning Windows

By being hinged at the top, awning windows open to the outside to let in air from the right or left and from down. They can be installed below, above or next to a stationary or operating window.

Picture Window

This variety is a set of large windows that allows the maximum amount of light and exterior views.

Transom Window

A narrow window that can be operating to allow air or inoperative (fixed) and mounted above a door or window to let in more light.

Sliding Windows

Sliding along a track, sliding windows comprise of at least an operating window which slides horizontally on or above the other windows. They are used most often in modern or contemporary houses.

Fixed Windows

These windows do not open, but can be customized in almost every angle and the desired shape. They are often found in modern houses or contemporary houses in conjunction with operating windows.

Bay or Bow Windows

In general, the bay or bow windows provide more interior space, as they project outward from the exterior of the siding of the house. They are often a combination of windows with a fixed window in the middle flanked by windows frame or frames.

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Types of Interior Paint Finishes

There are many types of paints for interior walls, and the more you known about the surfaces that could be painted and the effects the appropriate paints can achieve, the easier it is to make the right choice. It is also possible to mix different types of paints on the interior wall – depending on the project type; whether you are remodeling a kitchen, doing an overall finishing –  but you should know what you are doing. Here are some tips you need to take a look on the types of paint finish best for interior.

Matte Paint

Matte paint is one of the most common interior wall paints. There is no sheen or shine to the finish, which makes it the ideal choice for walls and ceilings where you do not want visual distractions. It is easy to apply, although it can often take more than one coat to create a good solid color. Matte paint can be applied with a brush or roller and work well covering imperfections on the walls. This makes it ideal for older homes. On the negative side, the matte paint can easily get marked. Although some marks can be removed with a damp cloth, matte paint needs to be retouched regularly.

Matte Enamel

Matte enamel is much like the matte paint, but tends to be much more durable. It is easier to clean and doesn’t need regular retouching, which is a great advantage, especially if you have young children. This also makes it excellent for places where you have to periodically clean the walls. The visual effect is very similar to the matte paint and can be applied in the same manner.

Satin

Satin finish is one of the types of the paints used for interior walls that many people know but few really understand. The finish is somewhere between matte and gloss and produces a low soft shine. This makes it ideal for areas where you need to regularly clean the walls. However, you should not use a satin finish when you have a wall with imperfections, as they will become more evident.

Eggshell

This has a shine that is extremely subtle but not with the same smoothness as a satin finish. Therefore, it doesn’t highlight imperfections as much. So it’s a much more suitable paint for interior walls. It is easy to apply and can often cover well with one coat, making it a better choice for many people.

Semi-gloss

Semi-gloss another paint for interior wall, although it is most often used in the perimeter rather than walls. It provides a hard finish, it is suitable for heavy use and is easy to clean with water and soap. The produced shine is less than full gloss paint, but it is generally easier to get a good covering with a single coat.

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How to Pick a Color for Kitchen

The process of choosing paint colors for kitchen remodeling and design can be a time consuming and frustrating one especially when there are so many shades to choose from. The good news is that there are certain colors that work best in certain rooms.

Regarding the kitchens, white, green, blue, gray, red, and yellow really shine. Each of these tones can do something different for the room, but they all help to create a warm and welcoming space.

It is believed that warmer colors such as red stimulates the appetite and are an excellent choice for kitchens. Red is versatile and there are many shades that would pop in a kitchen, be it on the cabinets or the walls.

The kitchen is where most people start their days, and white can really energize a room. It feels clean and fresh, and an all-white kitchen will wake you up the minute you step in it. You can also have more fun with your backsplashes and countertops in a totally white kitchen and choose brighter colors or designs for those.

Gray is a color that has gained importance in recent times in many homes. It is often considered to be too cold, but with the right shade, can do wonders in the kitchen. Best of all, it pairs beautifully with a wide range of other colors and is the perfect base to build upon in a kitchen. It also works well as a cabinet or counter color.

Blue is a color that works well in kitchens. When lighter shades of blue are used, they can create a neat and clean appearance and are recommended for walls, cabinets or even the ceiling. Blue is a color tonic and works best when used sparingly; otherwise, it can dominate a room. Dark blue also work well in kitchens, but it is important to highlight the rest of the room with touches of white, gray or other neutral tones to avoid it from feeling too intense and dark.

Like a ray of light from the sun, yellow can instantly lighten up a room. Also thought of as making people hungry, yellow has a soothing quality and instantly make people feel happy and calm in your kitchen. A good choice for small spaces, yellow can make the rooms feel larger and brighter, and combines well with white and gray accents.

Green is also an elegant shade used in the kitchen. There are a lot of different shades to pick from including mint and apple green, which pair well with white and wood accents. If you are willing to be more adventurous, try the emerald green color.

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Basement Entrance Ideas

Each room in the home deserves an elaborate entrance, including the basement. Whether yours is separate or inside the house and in the backyard, some great ideas have been rounded up for beautifying your entrance to the basement, and you can easily implement this ideas most especially during a basement remodel project.

Trap Doors

This idea is superb! If you have a separate entry into your basement, frame it using old barn doors. They will make the entry way a focal point while ensuring that people do not take a fall down the stairs; Just close the door when you’re not in need of the space.

Book Junkie

If you have a wide staircase leading to the basement, construct bookshelves to line the entrance. It is a great way to increase storage and books or objects that fill the shelves act as a striking art to people walking downstairs.

Large Glass

A nice way to frame an entrance to the basement while letting in a little extra light is to use the glass in every way you can, ranging from the door to the handrails and even the decking.

Beautiful Brick

If you have the ability to expose a brick wall alongside a stairway, do it! The resultant effect is a surprisingly modern classic entry into the basement, which also has some depth and texture. You can even decorate your underground space to match the structure.

Elaborate Stonework

The larger the entrance, the better, especially if there is an outer space to draw attention to the basement entrance. This option works especially well for split level households with higher basements.

Winding Staircase

Although these grand but classic staircases are often used more for corridors and hallways, they also work very well in the basements. It’s lovely to know that guests will weave their way into the underground space. They take less space than normal stairs too.

Old and New

This is an impressive example of how materials (such as wood) can be combined with traditional ones (metal) to create a remarkable and unforgettable staircase. Contrasting colors draw the eye and white adds a touch of brightness to help brighten darker basement entries.

Lit Up

Because basements are often darker than the rest of the rooms in the house, it is important to add some light to them. It’s a nice idea to frame the entrance to a basement with pot lights or LED lights.

Catch All

Get your basement entrance to double its duty as a mudroom that is full of objects like backpacks, boots, and even jackets. The shelves will be at the perfect height so that toddlers can reach what they need easily.

Wooden Board

Do you want to create an entryway that is a little more rustic than modern? This is the perfect choice. The wooden wall at the bottom of the entry forces people to head downstairs to check it out. You must have seen barnwood slabs line a wall? It is always very unique!

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